Politiknetzwerke und Innovationsnetzwerke. Soziale Netzwerkanalyse als moderne Strukturanalyse

Die soziale Netzwerkanalyse ist wie die Diskursanalyse ein Kind der Diskussion des Strukturalismus. Seit den 70er Jahren erfreut sie sich auch unter Politologen zunehmender Beliebtheit – hier vor allem im Bereich der Politikfeldanalyse. Die soziale Netzwerkanalyse verfolgt das Ziel, Beziehungen in komplexen Netzwerken zu erklären, wobei sie Theorien des sozialen Handelns benötigt. Damit ist jedoch das Problem verbunden, dass soziologische Theoreme, wie sie in der sozialen Netzwerkanalyse verbreitet sind, unter Umständen nur begrenzt in der Lage sind, symbolische oder kulturelle Strukturen als ebenfalls Handlung strukturierende Elemente zu erfassen. Ein Beispiel aus Jena soll dies verdeutlichen. Weiterlesen

The Pursuit of Righteousness and the Pursuit of Political Success (Essay)

This paper ist the second of two essays which had to written during my Erasmus term at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in a seminar about the „Psychology of Politics“ held by Emeritus Professor H.B. Berrington.  The paper puts forward a number of key assumptions. The first assumption of this paper is, that happiness, confidence, self esteem, psychological stability, goal attainment, and the belief in principles and values of an individual are based on his relation to a peer group, in which he is socialised. The individual is thereby part of a process of interaction, which is regulated by the peer group’s moral standards. These moral standards define roles, rules and expectations, and work as a guideline to distinguish between doing right or wrong. The notion of a society which consists of different groups leads us to the second assumption that there are different moralities related to different groups. Therefore, the third and most important assumption of this paper is that the idea of a higher righteousness is always related to the closer social environment, represented by the individual’s peer group, in which the individual is socialised. These assumptions lead to my thesis that there are two different qualities of relation between an individual’s pursuit of righteousness and his pursuit of success. These two qualities depend whether the individual refers in his behaviour to a peer group with it’s own and independent ideas and moral values, or if it lacks such a separated peer group and has to measure the righteousness of his being by the measure rod of conventional morality of society. I hypothesise that the difference of this quality are one possibility to explains the difference between powerful and weak political leaders. Weiterlesen